It is believed that humans settled in the high Andean plateau known as "El Altiplano"at least 4,000 years ago, but it is not until the formation of the Qaluyo people around 1400 BC and later on the Pucara civilization around 250 BC that this occupation can be proven as are sult of research of their maina rcheological sites. Pucara set the foundations for the Tiahuanaco civilization,one of the most important to arise in southern Peru before the Inca Empire. One of the main attractions of the Region of Puno is Titicaca Lake and its floating and natural islands, where native Peruvians hove lived for hundreds of years, developing interesting customs. Puno is one of the coldest regions in Peru due to its very high elevation (above 3,800 m.a.s.I.- 12,500 feet above sea level) . During the months of June, July, and August, conditions can be extreme. Puno is a unique region with a rich history, beautiful landscapes, interesting customs, and the most impressive religious festivities.

The Region of Puno is located in the southeastern part of the country. Puno is a diverse region with an interesting combination of ecological steps. Its location in the "Altiplano," the uniqueness of Titicaca Lake, and Puno's proximity to the Amazon Rainforest makeit a region of dramatic contrasts. The Bahuaja Sonene National Park, located in the southwestern part of the Amazon Rainforest, protects hundreds of plants, birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, and butterflies, many of which are endemic and can be found only here.

The Region of Puno has a few archaeological sites built by Pre-Colombian civilizations known as Pucara and Tiahuanaco as well as kingdoms such as the Kollas or Lupacas. The town of Pukara has a museum exhibiting the major pieces found at the main site known as Kalasaya,built around l00 BC by the Pucara people. The most popular and important archaeological site in Puno is the Sillustani Tombs (known as Chullpas), which were built by the Kollas with the influence of the Tiahuanaco culture. There are about 90 of them in the main site, many of which correspond to this Pre-Colombian stage.

Even though "El Altiplano"  had a mythical significance for the Incas due to the myth of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, who emerged from Titicaca Lake to seed the foundations of the Inca Empire in Cusco by following the commands of their father the Sun (main deity), it wasn't until approximately 1450 AD that the Incas were able to defeat the Kollas. Alter the Kollas were defeated and the Lupacas made peace with the Incas,"El Altiplano" became partof the Inca Empire ,used mainly as a merchant and mineral route which connected the rich mines of Potosi in Bolivia with Cusco.

The Region of Puno is a region rich in minerals. When the Spaniards arrived inthis area in the l6th century, they quickly learned the importance of it. Puno became an important source of income for the kingdom of Spain due to the extraction of minerals such as silver. Puno also was used by the Spaniards as a merchant routewhichconnectedPotosi (amountainhillliterallyfilledwithsilver) with Arequipa and the Pacific Ocean. The current city of Puno was founded in 1668 by the viceroy,Pedro Fernandez de Castro. By the end of the l700s, Puno was appended to the newly created viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata, but this lasted only 20 years.

Nowadays Puno is one of the poorest regions in Peru,with at least 303 of its population living in poverty. Tourism, mining, agriculture, and commerce are the most important economic activities. The tourism industry provides an important source of in come to the region and its families. For instance, the inhabitants of the Uros, Taquile,and Amantani lslands in Titicaca Lake heavily depend on the visits of tourists who purchase their crafts and stay in their guest rooms for one or two nights.

Finally, the Region of Puno has an interesting variety of climates. The area of Sandia, where the Bahuaja Sonene National Park is located, is very rainy, warm, and humid; but as elevation is gained, it becomes less rainy, semi-warm, and semi-humid. The rest of the region is semi-dry to drywith very cold temperatures all year long (as elevation is gained, temperatures drop) and heavy rain from December to March with sorne chance of rain the rest of the year. The areas near Titicaca Lake are not as cold as the areas far from it. For instance, in the city of Puno, located next to the lake,temperatures vary between l5ºC and l7ºC during the doy allyear long,while during the months of June to August it canget as coldas OºC, and 5ºCfrom November to March at night. The Province of Juliaca, located awayfrom the lake, has temperatures varying between l7ºC and 20ºC during the day all year long,  while during the months of June to August it can get as cold as - 8ºC, and 3ºC from November to March at night.
 

Loremp Impsiom

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nunc tincidunt vehicula velit, luctus fermentum eros ornare ac. Cras vehicula, velit at ornare efficitur, diam eros sodales lorem, eu ultricies odio nulla non mi. Fusce bibendum a mauris quis volutpat. Quisque placerat elementum vehicula. Mauris tristique lobortis risus quis gravida. In vel enim vitae urna rhoncus sagittis. Maecenas iaculis eget mauris varius lobortis. Mauris fermentum felis luctus gravida tincidunt. Cras aliquam metus ac nunc accumsan, sed sollicitudin ligula convallis. Etiam ullamcorper sapien congue lacus euismod facilisis. Vivamus massa neque, commodo ac vulputate tincidunt, tincidunt sed lorem. Cras volutpat nisl a maximus fermentum. Nunc pretium velit eget urna vestibulum, a tincidunt elit commodo. Curabitur maximus gravida pharetra. In euismod est eget odio feugiat, sit amet rhoncus neque volutpat.

Nombres y Apellidos

Nacionalidad

Aceptar

Soy Usuario / I am a User

Have you forgotten your password?

Enter your e-mail address to recover your password

USER

Be part of our community!

Enjoy our benefits!

Register in our site and start planning your visit to Peru with the right partner. See below a few of the benefits of becoming a member:

  • Find short or long duration tours and book
  • Find the best tour operators in each town
  • Share your experience and recommend sites
USER REGISTRATION

When you register in our site, you accept the Terms & Conditions of myperuguide.com

Are you already registered? Login
OPERADOR

¡Sé parte de nuestra comunidad!

Regístrate. ¡Es Gratis!

Regístrate en nuestro sitio y empieza a disfrutar de nuestros beneficios. Apoyamos a todo tipo de operador de turismo enfocado en el turismo receptivo:

  • Promueve tu marca en el mercado de habla inglesa
  • Ofrece tus servicios turísticos con nosotros
  • Contáctate con tus usuarios y genera más ventas
REGISTRO DE OPERADOR

Al regístrarte aceptas los Términos y Condiciones de myperuguide.com

¿Ya estás registrado?iniciar sesión

Registro de Operador

 

Estoy de acuerdo con los Términos y Condiciones MyPeruGuide.com

User Register

I agree with the Terms & Conditions of MyPeruGuide.com