Most people are unaware of the rich variety of sights and activities that Lima has to offer. It has a fascinating history, beautiful beaches, and varied landscapes. The best cuisine of Peru can be tasted in Lima. It is also a great playground for outdoor lovers.

Some scientists state that the Region of Lima has been inhabited by man for at least 11,500 years while others state that it has been inhabited since 7,000 or 6,000 BC. This timeline is substantiated by human remains and artifacts found in the cave of Chivateros (located in the District of Ventanilla, Lima Province or County). The first civilization developed in Peru and the Americas chose Lima as their home. They are known as the Caral people, and the main site is located in Puerto Supe District, Barranca County or Province. After Caral, several pre-columbian civilizations settled in Lima being the last one the Incas. The citadel of Pachacamac in the valley of Lurin was one of the most important administrative sites controlled by the Incas in the central coast of Peru.

Once the Spanish conquerors took over Peru, Francisco Pizarro (entitled governor by the Kingdom of Spain) chose Lima as the Capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and founded the city in January 18, 1535. Since then Lima has been the capital of the Spanish kingdom in South America and then the capital of the republic.

The Natural Reserve of Yauyos is magnificent and unique due to its nevados, turquoise lagoons, crystal clear cascades, deep canyons, and varied flora and fauna. Also, "Los Pantanos de Villa" in Lima Province is home to a couple hundred species of birds which either live there year-round or use it as a stop during migration. Lima also has beautiful beaches and great waves for surfers. The Region of Lima has varied climates. For example, the coast is sunny during the summer and overcast the rest of the year with high levels of humidity at all times while the highlands are sunny most of the year and rainy during the summer. On the coast of Lima, the summer temperatures (December to March) can reach 27°C during the day and be as low as 20°C while during the rest of the year temperatures range between 13°C at night and 17°C during the day.





The region of Lima is located in the central coast of Peru with Ancash to the north, Ica to the south and Huanuco, Cerro de Pasco and Junin to the east. Contrary to what most people believe, Lima has a vast and varied highland with some of the most beautiful landscapes. This variety of landscapes and ecological steps are filled with beautiful valleys and interesting natural attractions. 

More info about visiting Lima and getting around can be found here.





The region of Lima has several climates along the year, but a constant is the humidity that lasts all year in the coast. The coast is overcasted with gray skies from May to November-December. Summer months are sunny and very humid. In the highlands of Lima it is usually sunny from May to November-December and rainy the rest of the year. As altitude increases temperature decreases in this region. When passing the 3000 meters above sea level (10,000 feet), temperatures start getting closer to freezing conditions. The higher you get, the colder it will get.

More info can be found here.





Nowadays, Lima is home to at least a third of the Peruvian population. It is a mixture of Peruvian cultures and customs introduced by an increasing number of people emigrating in the 1970s and 1980s from the highlands and the Amazon Rainforest. This variety has also created a delicious cuisine recognized around the world, with two of its restaurants chosen among the 50 best restaurants in the world. Also, the head offices of the Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of government are located in Lima Province or County. The Region of Lima has 10 provinces or counties and the most important one is Lima. The Region of Lima has several ecosystems which create different and truly beautiful landscapes.


Larco Museum, Lima - My Peru Guide
Lomas de Lachay, Lima - My Peru Guide
Paramonga Inca Site, Lima - My Peru Guide





It is believed that Caral was built at the same time than the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. The remains of the capital of this early civilization can be visited at any time of the year and it is located 2 and a half  hours away from Lima downtown at the beautiful valley of Supe. On the way to Caral visitors can visit the Lomas de Lachay Natural Reserve, but you may need to arrange private transportation to visit these 2 attractions and get back to Lima in one day (Lomas de Lachay offers safe campsites in case the adventure wants to be covered in 2 days). 

How to get there: There are 2 roads to get to Caral and both of them can be reached from Panamericana Norte highway. It is recommended to arrange the service of a taxi or a tour operator to get there and spend time around the site. The adventurers can take a bus to northern Peru which stops at Supe town and from there a taxi can be hired.



Pantanos de Villa is a protected area located right next to the shores of the Pacific Ocean. Its lagoons and varied ecosystem provide food to more than 200 different species of birds during the course of the year. A visit to this attraction can be combined with a visit to the Pachacamac archaeological site which is located at only 10 minutes away. Pachacamac was the most important ceremonial and adminstrative site managed by the Incas in the region of Lima.

How to get there: Pantanos de Villa is located in the district of Chorrillos at only 45 minutes away from downtown Lima and 25 minutes away from Miraflores. Public transportation is available to get there, but it is safer to arrange private transportation or hire the service of a tour operator. 



El Callao is a traditional town where travelers will enjoy traidtional gastronomy, history and beautiful beaches. During the Spanish occupancy of Peru the Spanish kingdom built the Real Felipe Fortress to repeal possible attacks from pirates and to keep Lima and the main port of Peru safe. Nowadays, the fortress holds the Museum of the Army of Peru and it is a popular attraction among travelers who usually combine a visit to the fortress with the Palomino Islands tour  which are inhabited by sea lions and several species of birds.

How to get there: El Callao is located at only 45 minutes away from downtown Lima and 40 minutes away from Miraflores. Public transportation is available to get there, but it is safer to arrange private transportation or hire the service of a tour operator. It is important to know that El Callao has dangerous neighborhoods and it is better to know where you are going to avoid bad experiences.



Miraflores is one of the most popular attractions in Lima due to its breathtaking view of the Pacific Ocean. This beautiful district offers a great variety of restaurants, hotels, bars, department stores, casinos, nightclubs, and even a pre-Inca site.

Places to visit in Miraflores:

  • Parque Kennedy: This small park is also known as Central Park and it is great option to walk around while enjoying live music, safe street food, and dozens of friendly cats (these cats are feed and vaccinated by a group of local volunteers). Access is free at anytime of the day.
  • Larcomar Mall: This is the most popular mall in Lima with a great view of the Pacific Ocean. At the mall, travelers can find dozens of international and local brand clothing stores, great restauntants and cafes as well as nightclubs and pubs.
  • Huaca Pucllana: This is a popular pre-Inca site located in the middle of Miraflores. This site was built by the Lima Culture around 1500 years ago and then occupied by the Wari culture, but it is believed it was abandoned after that. The main pyramid can be accessed and at the site the Huaca Pucllana restaurant offers a great cuisine.
  • Parque del Amor: This is a great place to relax and walk around with a beuatiful view of the Pacific Ocean. At the park there is a large sculpture of a couple kissing and it is know by locals as "El Beso" (the kiss).



Once the Spanish conquerors claimed Peru as part of their kingdom in 1532, Lima became the capital of the most important vice-royalty settled in South America. As a consequence, downtown Lima became the most important city of the colony and several colonial and republican buildings were built with all the glamour and abundance of the times. Most of these buildings have become museums and popular tourist attractions.

Places to visit in Downtown Lima:

  • Cathedral of Lima and Archbishopric: The first cathedral was built between 1535 and 1538, but it has been rebuilt on several occasions due to earthquakes. The current building has several architectural styles such as s Renaissance, Neoclassic, and Gothic.
  • San Francisco Convent and Catacombs: The Colonial Catacombs are part of the exhibition and are located below the Convent. The convent and church are an exhibition of art in its architecture, paintings and sculptures.
  • Government Palace: The palace is located in the same place than the conqueror Francisco Pizarro decided that the house of the Spanish governor would be built. The facade of the palace was rebuilt in 1938 by French architects. In advance reservations need to be booked to visit the rooms available to tourists.
  • Parque de la Muralla: This is a beautiful small park located 2 blocks away from the main square with a great view of the Rimac river and district. The park still maintains the Inca and colonial walls built to protect the city from foreign attacks.
  • Museum of the Holy Inquisition: This is a small museum located at 3 blocks from the main square via Jr. Junin (next to Congress). The museum exhibits some of the cruel practices performed by the Holy Inquisition.  
  • Torre Tagle Palace: This is a beautiful baroque palace located in Jr. Ucayali at 2 blocks from the main square. Currently, the palace is the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In advance reservations need to be booked to visit the rooms available to tourists.
  • House of the Peruvian Literature: The building where this popular attraction is located was built in 1912 and it used to be the main train station in Lima. It is located one block away from the main square and it was in 2009 that this building gave place to the Literature Peruvian House where there are 13 rooms beautifully decorated.



Lima is a big city where there are several museums for all tastes. In Lima, travelers can find art, historical, anthropological, and cultural museums for all tastes. These museums offer the best of the pre-inca and Inca cultures as well as all the opulence of the most important Spanish vice-royalty in South America. Some of these museums have exhibitions of famous Peruvians around the world and the most difficult times Peru has gone through during the last 40 years.

Most popular museums in Lima:

  • Larco Museum: The museum's collection was started by Rafael Larco Hoyle and he managed to collect about 45,000 pieces after starting his own scientific research and excavations. The museum is located in Pueblo Libre district and it offers more than 5000 years of history in 15 exhibition rooms.
  • Gold MuseumThe Museum exhibits gold pieces from the Vicus, Chancay, Nasca, Chimu, and Inca Cultures collected by Miguel Mujica Gallo. The Museum also exhibits worldwide weapons from mid-14th century to the late 1800s, as well as weapons used by early Peruvians. The museum is located in Santiago de Surco district. 
  • National Museum of Anthropology: The museum is located in Pueblo Libre district and it has an impressive collection. The most important exhibits are the Crossed Hands of Kotosh, Estela Raimondi and Obelisco Tello from Chavin Culture, Paracas Mantles from Paracas Culture.
  • Art Museum of Lima (MALI): The museum is located in downtown Lima at the Exposition Park (Parque de la Exposición) in a neo-renancentist building built in 1871. The musueum offers a great collection of pieces of art from all different stages of Peru. 
  • Mario Testino Museum: 
  • Lugar de la Memoria (LUM): This museum is located in Miraflores district and it is known as the place of the memory to remember all the violence Peru lived between 1980 and 2000 due to the terrorism practiced by the terrorist parties known as Shining Path and MRTA (Revolucionary Movement Tupac Amaru).
  • National Museum:








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