Peru

Population

The last census, conducted in 2007, determined that there were 28,220,764 Peruvians. From 1940 to the time of this census, the population of Peru has quadrupled. About 25% of Peruvians live in extreme poverty. Also, about half of the population lives in rural areas. Lima is the most populated region with 8,382,198 inhabitants. The most populated regions are located in northern Peru (Lima, Piura, La Libertad, Piura, and Cajamarca).

The official language of Peru is Castellano (Spanish from the region of Castilla in Spain), but in the areas where another language is predominantly spoken that language is also considered official. For instance, in the highlands, Quechua and Aimara are also official languages and are taught in school.

Government

 

Peru is a democratic country with a president elected every five years and a congress consisting of 130 congressmen, also elected also every five years, by regions. (The number of congressmen per region is based on each region’s population.) Currently, Martin Vizcarra Cornejo is the president (until July 28, 2021). He belongs to the "Peruanos Por el Kambio" partie (aka "PPK") with 15 congressmen.

There are 25 Regions in Peru (aka "Departamentos"). Each Region, equivalent to a State in the U.S., has a president and a capital. Each Region comprises several Provinces (Counties in the US) and Districts (Towns in the U.S.), each of which has an official, like a mayor, who is elected every four years.

Government Palace

Location:

Main Square of Lima (Lima Downtown), District of Lima, Lima Province and Region

Building Time Period & Architectural Style:

Construction started in 1921 and ended in 1938. The Government Palace has Neo-Colonial and Neo-Baroque styles (right side of the building looking from the main square and the front side, respectively)

Distance from Lima Downtown:

0 kilometers - 0 minutes by private transportation

Operational Info:

  • Days: Monday to Friday (It can be closed at any time due to government agenda changes.)
  • Hours: 09:00 to 13:00 hours
  • Entrance Ticket: Free (Visitors need to register with a formal letter to "Oficina de Turismo de Palacio" (Tourism Office of the Palace) located in Jiron de la Union s/n, Palacio de Gobierno at least one week in advance to the visit (a travel agency should be contacted for this)
  • Phone number: (511) 427-9647
  • Official Website: Data Not Available

Highlights:

  • 1 hour is usually needed to visit all rooms. If a guide is hired, this visit can take longer.
  • It is also known as "La Casa de Pizarro" because it is located on the spot that the conqueror Francisco Pizarro chose for the governor’s (his) house. Later, it was designated as the house of the Viceroy.
  • During "La Guerra del Pacífico" (War of the Pacific) in 1878, the Government Palace was sacked by the Chilean Army.
  • In 1921 a major fire destroyed the facade that faces the Main Square. This facade was inaugurated in 1938, the design having been done by French architects.
  • The changing of the guard starts every day at 11:45 hours. You won’t want to miss it! Restrictions: Photos are not allowed inside the building.

Restrictions:

Photos are not allowed inside the building.

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