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Region of Lima Most people are unaware of the rich variety of sights and activities that Lima has to offer. It has a fascinating history, beautiful beaches, and varied landscapes. The best cuisine of Peru can be tasted in Lima. It is also a great playground for outdoor lovers. The Region of Lima, located in the central western part of the country, is diverse, where the coast and the highlands can offer varied ecosystems, weather, and landscapes. Lima is the point of arrival for the majority of travelers visiting Peru (Jorge Chavez International Airport). From here, it is possible to travel to all regions of Peru by air or land. Some scientists state that the Region of Lima has been inhabited by man for at least 11,500 years while others state that it has been inhabited since 7,000 or 6,000 BC. This timeline is substantiated by human remains and artifacts found in the cave of Chivateros (located in the District of Ventanilla, Lima Province or County). The first civilization developed in Peru and the Americas chose Lima as their home. They are known as the Caral people, and the main site is located in Puerto Supe District, Barranca County or Province. After Caral, several civilizations settled in Lima. Francisco Pizarro (entitled governor by the Kingdom of Spain) chose Lima as the Capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and founded the city in January 18, 1535. Since then Lima has been the capital of the country. Nowadays, Lima is home to at least a third of the Peruvian population. It is a mixture of Peruvian cultures and customs introduced by an increasing number of people emigrating in the 1970s and 1980s from the highlands and the Amazon Rainforest. This variety has also created a delicious cuisine recognized around the world, with two of its restaurants chosen among the 50 best restaurants in the world. Also, the head offices of the Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of government are located in Lima Province or County. The Region of Lima has 10 provinces or counties and the most important one is Lima. The Region of Lima has several ecosystems which create different and truly beautiful landscapes. The Natural Reserve of Yauyos is magnificent and unique due to its nevados, turquoise lagoons, crystal clear cascades, deep canyons, and varied flora and fauna. Also, "Los Pantanos de Villa" in Lima Province is home to a couple hundred species of birds which either live there year-round or use it as a stop during migration. Lima also has beautiful beaches and great waves for surfers. The Region of Lima has varied climates. For example, the coast is sunny during the summer and overcast the rest of the year with high levels of humidity at all times while the highlands are sunny most of the year and rainy during the summer. On the coast of Lima, the summer temperatures (December to March) can reach 27°C during the day and be as low as 20°C while during the rest of the year temperatures range between 13°C at night and 17°C during the day.

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